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ДОУНБ • Просмотр темы - Erich Fromm Birthday
Дніпропетровська обласна універсальна наукова бібліотека

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14 мар 2010, 13:28

 Erich Fromm Birthday
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23 March is Birthday of Erich Fromm- German-born U.S. psychoanalyst and social philosopher who explored the interaction between psychology and society. By applying Freudian principles to the social problems, Fromm hoped to show the way to a psychologically balanced "sane society."
See: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o7GpHrdXOFI
After receiving his Ph.D. from the University of Heidelberg in 1922, Fromm trained in psychoanalysis at the University of Munich and at the Psycho-Analytic Institute of Berlin. He began practicing psychoanalysis as a disciple of Sigmund Freud but soon took issue with Freud's preoccupation with unconscious drives and consequent neglect of the role of societal factors in human psychology. Fromm had already attained a distinguished reputation as a psychoanalyst when he left Nazi Germany in 1933 for the United States, where he came into conflict with orthodox Freudian psychoanalytic circles. From 1934 to 1941, Fromm was on the faculty of Columbia University, where his views became increasingly controversial. In 1941, he went to Bennington College, Vermont, and in 1951 was appointed Professor of Psychoanalysis at the National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City. In 1962, he returned to the US to take up the position of Professor of Psychiatry at New York University.
In his early work in Germany, Fromm argued that an understanding of the psychological needs of human beings was essential in order to build a healthy society, and he put these ideas forward in sveeral books and articles on the development of Christianity. In Fromm's first major work, Escape from Freedom (1941), he charted the growth of human freedom and self-awareness from the Middle Ages to modern times and, using psychoanalytic techniques, analysed the tendency of modern emancipated man to take refuge from his new insecurities by turning to totalitarian movements such as Nazism. See Fear of Freedom, from the same period.
In The Sane Society (1955), Fromm presented his argument that modern man has become alienated and estranged from himself within consumer-oriented industrial society and called for a rebirth of enlightenment to allow each person to fulfil his individual needs while maintaining bonds of social fraternity.
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http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o7GpHrdXOFI
http://fromm.hpsy.ru/publication.php
http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%AD%D1% ... 0%BC%D0%BC
http://www.marxists.org/archive/fromm/
http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/fromm.html

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Great Minds Meet at the LIBRARY... JFK


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14 мар 2010, 15:13

 What is psychology?
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1. What springs to mind when you hear the word ‘psychology’?
2. What do you know about psychology?
3. Would you like to study psychology?
4. What would a psychologist say about you?
5. Would you like to visit a psychologist?
6. What do you know about child psychology?
7. Do you like doing psychology tests?
8. If you were a scientist, what psychology tests would you like to do?
9. Would you ever get nervous talking to a psychology expert?
10. What is reverse psychology?
11. What is psychology?
12. What’s the psychology behind addiction?
13. Which great psychologists do you know of and what did they say?
14. Would you ever buy a self-help psychology book?
15. What do you know about forensic psychology?
16. Do you think you can get a good job with a psychology degree?
17. Do you think scientists will ever be able to examine the brain and rewrite what we know about psychology?
18. Who would you really like to understand the psychology of?
19. What good do you think colour psychology is in this world?
20. What would you like to know about psychology?

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29 мар 2010, 11:21

 Re: Erich Fromm Birthday
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Була дуже цікава зустріч! Пізнавальна та корисна!

По убеждению Фромма, классический психоанализ способствовал обогащению знаний о человеке, но он не увеличил знаний о том, как человек должен жить и что он должен делать. Фрейд пытался представить психоанализ в качестве естественной науки, но совершил ошибку, уделив недостаточно внимания проблемам этики. Между тем нельзя понять человека, если рассматривать его под углом зрения вытеснения сексуальных влечений, а не во всей целостности, включая потребность найти ответ на вопрос о смысле его существования и отыскать нормы, в соответствии с которыми ему надлежит жить. Фромм стремился перенести акцент с биологических мотивов человеческого поведения в психоанализе на социальные факторы, показать что «человеческая натура — страсти человека и тревоги его — продукт культуры».
«дружелюбие или враждебность и разрушительность, жажда власти и стремление к подчине-нию, отчужденность, тенденция к самовозвеличению, скупость, тяга к чувственным наслаждениям или страх перед ними — все эти и многие другие стремления и страхи, которые можно обнаружить в человеке, развиваются как реакции на определенные условия жизни. <…> Ни одна из таких склонностей не является изначально присущей человеку. <…> Образ жизни, обусловленный особенностям экономической системы, превращается в основополагающий фактор, определяющий характер человека, ибо властная потребность самосохранения вынуждает его принять условия, в которых ему приходится жить».
23.03.2010 - День народження Еріха Фромма.JPG
23.03.2010 - День народження Еріха Фромма.JPG [ 263.16 КБ | Просмотров: 3553 ]

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