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ДОУНБ • Просмотр темы - Columbus Day is celebrated in the United States
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12 окт 2011, 11:35

 Columbus Day is celebrated in the United States
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Columbus Day is celebrated in the United States to honor Christopher Columbus's first voyage to America in 1492.
Christopher Columbus with Eye Glass
Columbus is the explorer who discovered America in that year.

Christopher Columbus sets sail from Spain 1492
Sunnie BeeChristopher Columbus was born in Genoa, Italy in 1451 to Domenico Columbo, a wool weaver.
He worked for his Father until he was 22 then set out to follow his own dream to become a sea captain. Many of his fellow Genoese had prospered in Lisbon under the Portuguese flag as Captains of sailing ships and he longed to join their ranks.

It was to this end that Columbus began to educate himself learning to read and speak Portuguese, Castilian and Latin. He read many geography books, and studied the bible and the writings of Marco Polo, gathering all the information he could about the world. He particularly studied, Pierre d' Ailly's "Imago Mundi," or picture of the world. He became a chart maker himself and because of these studies became convinced that the world was spherical, round instead of flat. This belief later became the basis for his quest of finding a shorter route to Asia.

Asia offered many goods Europeans craved but traveling East to get them was difficult and dangerous. However, it was with these countries of the EAST, India, China, Japan, and the East Indies, that Europeans longed to trade in greater volume. It was for this reason that a sea route around the tip of Africa to the EAST Indies and Asia was sought. Columbus was just one of many, explorers and tradesmen trying to find such a route.

Portugal deemed, " The greatest seafaring nation in the world," due in large measure to the discoveries, exploits and sponsorship of it's prince, nicknamed "Henry the Navigator," seemed the most likely nation to support Columbus's dream of finding that shorter route to the EAST. So, it was no surprise that later, he would chose to approach Portugal's King John II for his support of his expedition.

In 1479 Columbus married Dona Felipa Perestrello, whose father had been one of Prince Henry The Navigator's captains. His wife's social rank opened doors for Columbus. And using his Father in laws collection of charts and documents he gained more knowledge of Portuguese discoveries and plans. In 1481 he entered the service of King John II of Portugal and voyaged to the Gold Coast of Africa.
ColumbusChristopher Columbus sailed the ocean blue in 1492. wanted to discover the much sought for route to the EAST that would open up a lucrative trade. He believed there was a better way to find it then traveling around the tip of AFRICA. He believed by sailing west 3000 miles across the Atlantic Ocean that he would come full circle and end up in Asia without having to go south and east. He thought he would sail right into these countries never dreaming he would land on a whole new continent and lay claim to a whole new world.

In 1484 Columbus applied for ships and men from King John II of Portugal. He was refused and then his proposal was reconsidered. However, the final rejection of his proposal came when Bartholomew Diaz discovered the Cape of Good Hope at the southern tip of Africa. He had found an eastern sea route to India. The Portuguese were no longer interested in an unproven western route. Columbus was denied once again and returned to Spain.

He finally convinced the King and Queen of Spain to finance him and under the Spanish flag from Palos, Harbor in Spain with three ships the Nina, the Pinta and the Santa Maria set sail at dawn on August 3, 1492.

However problems with the Nina and the Pinta necessitated a one month delay in the Canary Islands. He then set sail again on September 3, 1492 and thirty-three days later at 2:00 a.m. on October 12, 1492, Rodrigo de Triana, a seaman aboard the Pinta, spotted land.
Nina, Pinta and Santa Maria set sail for a new world.


Columbus actually had landed among the Bahama Islands on an island today called Watling Island. but the inhabitants then called Guanahani Island. Columbus named this land San Salvador, claiming it in the name of Spain. This NEW World would lead to the settlement by Europeans of the continents of North and South America.

Controversy

Much controversy exists over Columbus' expeditions and whether or not one can "discover" an already-inhabited land. The natives of the Bahamas and other islands on his journey were peaceful and friendly. Yet many of them were later enslaved by the Spanish. Also, it is known that the Vikings explored the North American coast 500 years before Columbus.

Nevertheless, Columbus' expedition was unique and important in that it resulted in the first intertwining of Europe with the Americas, resulting in the first permanent European colonies in the New World.

http://sunniebunniezz.com/holiday/columbus.htm
http://wilstar.com/holidays/columbus.htm
http://www.holidayinsights.com/other/columbus.htm


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12 окт 2011, 12:04

 Re: Columbus Day is celebrated in the United States
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Columbus Day

When: Second Monday in October

For decades and decades, American history books and school teaching told us that Christopher Columbus discovered America. What those books and teachings did not give credit to was the fact that Native Americans were already here first and truly discovered America. It also gave little mention to the fact that Nordic explorers had travelled down the eastern cost of Canada thousands of years earlier.

Today, we celebrate Columbus day for what it accurately is. Columbus did discover the existence of the New World for Europeans who until then, believed the world was flat and ended somewhere in the Atlantic. And, the focus is more upon discovery of the "New World", and less upon Columbus himself.

Did You Know? Columbus day is sometimes referred to as "Discoverer's Day".

Some key facts (in case you forgot them since grade school):

Columbus Discovered America in 1492. He originally set sail on August 3, 1492, but had trouble with the ships, stopping at the Canary Islands for a month. The ships left the Canary Islands on September 3,1492.
He travelled with three ships: The Nina, the Pinta and the Santa Maria
While Columbus was an Italian, he could not find funding in Italy, so he turned to the King of Spain. King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella provided the funding.
He did not land on the U.S. mainland. He landed on an island in the Caribbean. While many believe he landed on San Salvador, there is still debate on which island he originally landed on.

http://www.holidayinsights.com/other/columbus.htm

A few facts about Christopher Columbus:
He was born c.1451 in Genoa, Liguria and Died 20 May 1506 in Valladolid, Spain.
His occupation was "Maritime explorer for the Crown of Castile."
His titles were Admiral of the Ocean Sea and Viceroy and Governor of the Indies.
Columbus's religion was Roman Catholic.
His wife's name was Filipa Moniz.
Christopher Columbus had 2 children, Diego and Fernando.
He had 3 brothers, Giovanni Pellegrino, Giacomo and Bartolomeo Columbus.
Christopher Columbus's name in Genoese was Christoffa Corombo, in Spanish Cristóbal Colón and in Latin it was Christophorus Columbus.

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12 окт 2011, 12:07

 Planning An Event With Columbus Day Party Idea
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Planning An Event With Columbus Day Party Idea

Planning an event containing a Columbus Day party idea may contain many elements. There are a few great ways to decorate and entertain using this particular theme in mind. Event planners can use the colors of the Italian flag to honor Christopher Columbus who was from Italy. A mixture of American and Italian flags could be used to decorate table tops and line fences. Whether the function is inside or outside, there are some perfect ideas for any sized event.

A backyard function may be a great way to entertain this event. It takes place during a warm part of the year, so most people can decorate the backyard with supplies. Tables and chairs can be arranged in various ways. There may be some areas for eating and other spots for talking. Chairs may be arranged around each other to encourage guests to mingle with each other.

Table decorations may consist of a bright table cloth, with matching cups and plates. For center pieces, people can use outdoor vases to hold mini flags. Many table decorations can be found at supply stores. These decorations could include things like decorative hats, blow horns and banners.

Banners and large signs can hang in the front of the house and in the backyard. Guests should see a sign when they first pull up to the house, as well as see one when they are mingling at the party. Banners could contain various letter typing and sizes to celebrate the big day.

Food is an important element of this important day. Party planners will want to ensure that there is lots of food to munch on during the afternoon. Large platters of food and snacks should be prepared the day before and brought out as other plates begin to get low. Pizza could be a main part of the food, as pizza is an Italian born food choice.

Appetizers and desserts could be created to include the basis for the occasion. Mini pastries in the shape of hats could be used, a large cake with a picture of Christopher Columbus may be available as well as red, white and green cupcakes.

Columbus Day party idea advice can come from books, the internet and magazines. Event hosts should take a look at a variety of ideas when they are setting up their special event. Careful planning should go into the decorating and the food. People who attend the party should feel impressed by their surroundings and enjoy the music and food that is available.

http://www.partysuppliesfavors.com/part ... -idea.html
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