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25 авг 2011, 11:29

 Recommended links to the Pow Wow celebration (USA)
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The Grand Entry

The Powwow begins with the Grand Entry. All spectators are asked to rise as the flags and eagle staffs of the host and visiting tribes are brought in.
The Eagle staffs and flags represent nations, families, and communities. As the drum begins a grand entry song, the chief or tribal chair of the host tribe and visiting dignitaries enter the arena.
They are followed by other honored members and the color guard of veterans. .
Led by the elders, the men dancers enter the arena next, generally in the following order:
• men’s traditional dancers,
• men’s grass dancers,
• and then men’s fancy dancers.
Then the women enter, also led by the elder women and in the order of women’s traditional dancers, jingle dress dancers, and then fancy shawl dancers.
The teenage boys enter next, followed by the teenage girls, and then the younger boys, girls, and tiny tots.
The dancers in each category are announced by the MCs as they pass the announcer’s stand. Finally, the arena is filled with all of the dancers, each dancing in his/her grand regalia. Responsibility for maintaining the song passes from drum to drum, going around until all dancers are in the center of the circle and dancing. With all remaining in the center of the circle, the prayer song and honoring song for veterans begin next. It is a spectacular sight filled with beauty, excitement, and pride.

Princess Contest
American Indian tribes do not have royalty. The designation of “Princess” is in name only. The Princess Contest is for young women and girls to represent their family, people, tribe, cultural groups, or communities. Judging is often on how well the entrants know their culture and customs (which includes their dancing and regalia), their language, whether they have good communication skills, poise, and perhaps some sort of talent. The criteria for judging may vary from powwow to powwow, but usually is quite similar.
For instance, princess contest entrants at the Missoula County Public Schools Honoring our Youth Powwow have been judged on the basis of an oral interview, an essay, their dance ability, dance regalia, and raffle sales.
Winners are given an honored place at the powwow, as well as the respect of the community.

The Giveaway

The giveaway is a prominent virtue among almost all American Indian nations in the Western Hemisphere. For some tribes, powwow committees, and individuals, there is not a more highly valued or esteemed event than to sponsor a giveaway.
In American Indian society those being honored will have a giveaway ceremony and give gifts, rather than the opposite custom in some cultures, in which the honored is the recipient of gifts.

Memorial: Memorial giveaways held at powwows are given to honor a singer, dancer, family member, friend, or perhaps a veteran that has passed away, sometimes after the first or fourth year of that person’s passing.
Naming: While naming ceremonies among some tribes are a private family event, occasionally someone is named during a powwow and, out of happiness and appreciation, sponsors a giveaway.
Royalty or Head Dancers: Many royalty (powwow princesses), head dancers, and others asked to be in positions of representation often decide to return that honor by having a giveaway of appreciation.
First Dance or Special: Usually upon asking a drum (drum group) for a special song, a birthday, first time dancer, or other special event, the person requesting has a giveaway. The giveaway can be large or as small as giving a small cash donation and tobacco to the drum rendering the song.

Whistle Man or Veterans: When starting up a song, prolonging a song through the use of the eagle whistle, or when asked to pick up an eagle feather, often the individual will giveaway for this honor, as well as the party who dropped the feather.


When the Eagle Feather Drops

Historically and traditionally it is the right of any wounded warrior to retrieve a fallen eagle feather.
The eagle feather is the spirit of a fallen warrior and can only be matched in power by the same (another warrior).
This practice still remains over centuries and should not be altered because of the consequences. During this ceremony, all present stand, hat off, in respect. Recording and photographing such a ceremony is strictly forbidden.

The powwow of today uses four veterans, representing the four cardinal directions, to dance around the feather.

The first two verses of the song are straight verses with no obvious downbeats, paying respect to the Creator and the spirit of the fallen warrior. The next four verses will have the dancers charge the feather on the downbeat.
The downbeat represents the cannon, gunfire, or weapons in any song, so, in the case of this ceremony, the veterans are charging the gunfire of the enemy.
Each will charge with his right hand extended to symbolically “touch” or take coup. Those who have not actually taken coup will use an eagle fan, because they are not strong enough to touch the spirit. After the sixth verse, the honored veteran will pick the feather up with his left hand and give a war whoop to acknowledge the capture of the spirit of the feather.
When receiving or touching anything holy, custom requires the use of the left hand. This tradition is respected by all traditional tribes. Once the feather is picked up, the warrior will face the east and acknowledge the spirit world in his own language. It is imperative not to lie (to tell the truth) during the whole ceremony because of the presence of the deceased warrior. The veteran is addressing both the spirit of the fallen warrior and the spirit world, and he must appease the spirit by telling an actual war story. This story should be humble, with a lesson or message for all to learn.

When the story is finished, the warrior will return the eagle feather to the person who dropped it. By bringing the spirit back from the spirit world, it will return to its owner. The owner will usually give whatever they can as payment for such a ceremony.
Payment amount is usually determined by the amount of respect that the owner has for the spirit of the eagle feather.


Recommended links to the Pow Wow celebration (USA)

http://americanfestivalsproject.net/200 ... e-pow-wow/ good portraits
http://listverse.com/2007/11/20/top-15- ... americans/ 15 most famous Indians
http://jpgmag.com/stories/17984 pow wow fotos+text

http://www.teachervision.fen.com/tv/pri ... _84_86.pdf crafts kids
http://www.teachervision.fen.com/tv/pri ... 70_147.pdf writing symbols meanings
http://www.teachervision.fen.com/native ... detoured=1 kids
http://www.nativeartstrading.com/Native ... egalia.htm clothing
http://www.jimwegryn.com/Names/FictionNames2.htm name generator
http://powwow.spb.ru/ powwow v Russia

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Great Minds Meet at the LIBRARY... JFK


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25 авг 2011, 11:32

 Re: Recommended links to the Pow Wow celebration (USA)
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Europe generally refers to the mass of the Eurasian peninsula westwards of the Ural Mountains, the islands of the Mediterranean and North Atlantic Ocean.

• Basques: Northern Spain and Southern France
• Crimean Karaites: Crimean Peninsula in Southern Ukraine
• Crimean Tatars: Crimean Peninsula in Southern Ukraine
• Izhorians: Northwest of Russia
• Komi: Komi Republic in Northeast of European Russia
• Mordvins: of the western Ural Mountains in Russia
• Nenets: Northeastern part of European Russia
• Sami: Northern and central Norway, Sweden, Finland and Kola peninsula in the Northwest of Russia
• Veps: Republic of Karelia, Northwest of Russia

http://www.jenessi.net/kultura/569-khar ... ltury.html на украинской территории

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