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22 фев 2011, 17:02

 Interesting Questions, Facts, Information Washington, D.C.
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Interesting Questions, Facts, and Information Washington, D.C.

Our last stop is the Smithsonian Institution's National Zoological Park (zoo for short). Among the 5,500 animals here are two giant pandas from China. What are these big cuties' names? Tour of Washington, DC


Tian Tian and Mei Xiang. Tian Tian and Mei Xiang arrived in Washington in December 2000, from their birthplace in Sichuan, China. Mei Xiang is the girl; her name means "beautiful fragrance" in Chinese. Tian Tian, the boy, means "more and more". Mei was born on July 21, 1998, and Tian on August 27, 1997. Check out the Panda Cams at the zoo's website to see them live!
Approaching a more residential area, we come to the beautiful National Cathedral at Massachusetts and Wisconsin Avenues. Who is the only US President buried here? Tour of Washington, DC


Woodrow Wilson. The true name for the building is The Episcopal Cathedral of Saints Peter and Paul. Work on this magnificent English Gothic building was begun in 1907 and finished in 1990. Its features include the 300-foot Gloria in Excelsis Tower, a 53-bell carillon, and a 26-foot high stained glass rose window.
At Seventeenth Street and New York Avenue, we find the Octagon House, a six-sided brick structure built in 1801. One historic event which occurred here was the signing of the Treaty of Ghent, by which US President? Tour of Washington, DC


James Madison. James Madison and his wife Dolley stayed in this house after the invading British burned the White House in August of 1814. It was here that President Madison signed the Treaty of Ghent on December 24, 1814, officially ending the War of 1812.
What would a tour of the capital be without a look at the White House? If you decide to tour the White House, you may purchase a guidebook. Which First Lady came up with the idea to sell guidebooks? Tour of Washington, DC


Jacqueline Kennedy. Jackie instituted the idea in 1961 as a way to finance restoration of the building. She headed the entire process, from the photography to the writing of the souvenir booklet.
Driving down H Street, we see a seven-acre park directly across from the White House. What is its name? Tour of Washington, DC


Lafayette Square. This park has been a popular spot for demonstrators, as it can be seen from the White House. A statue of Andrew Jackson on horseback is in the center of the park. Across H Street is St. John's Church, the "Church of the Presidents".
Next door is the National Museum of American History, affectionately known as the "nation's attic". In the Physical Science Collection, one of the many things you will see is a teaching tool that represents the motions and phases of the planets in the solar system. What is this called? Tour of Washington, DC


Orrery. Remember the things with styrofoam balls and coat hangers you made in school? (I did, anyway). Well, this is a huge one of them, made in Boston in 1828. This museum has all sorts of Americana, from the First Ladies' inaugural gowns to Archie Bunker's chair to Dorothy's ruby slippers from "The Wizard of Oz". The most famous item on display is probably the original Star-Spangled Banner, which unfortunately has deteriorated quite a bit since 1814 when it inspired Francis Scott Key to write the song. Obviously, there are many more interesting things in Washington than can fit in this quiz! Look for future quizzes on the White House and the Smithsonian.
On the bank of the Anacostia River is the Navy Museum, next to the Navy Yard. Among the museum's many exhibits is the Trieste. What sort of craft is this? Tour of Washington, DC


Bathyscaphe. The Trieste is a deep-diving bathyscaphe, a type of vehicle specially designed to reach great depths. In 1960 the Trieste dived to a record 35,810 feet in the Mariana Trench, the deepest point in the Pacific Ocean. The first bathyscaphe was built in Belgium in 1946.
As we drive down G Street, the bus driver points out number 636. In 1854 the famous American composer known as "the March King" was born here. What was his real name? Tour of Washington, DC


John Philip Sousa . Sousa was one of America's best-loved composers. The leader of the Marine Band from 1880 to 1892, his most famous work may be "The Stars and Stripes Forever".
Driving down Massachusetts Avenue, we pass Lincoln Park. In the park is a statue of Abe Lincoln and Archer Alexander. Who was Archer Alexander? Tour of Washington, DC


The last man captured under the Fugitive Slave Act. The statue is called, fittingly enough, "Emancipation". It was built in 1876.
Across the street from the Supreme Court is the Sewall-Belmont House, where many historic events have occurred. From 1801 to 1813 the house was occupied by Albert Gallatin. What position did he hold? Tour of Washington, DC


Secretary of the Treasury. Albert Gallatin was President Jefferson's Secretary of the Treasury. It was here in 1804 that the details of the Louisiana Purchase were worked out. In 1929 the house was purchased by the National Women's Party and named in honor of Alva Belmont, a major supporter. Today it serves as the party's headquarters.
Directly across the Capitol on First Street is the Library of Congress. Right in front of the building you see a statue of which Roman god? Tour of Washington, DC


Neptune. The Library, today the world's largest, was originally opened in 1800, when Congress decided that it needed a research facility. The first books were destroyed by the 1814 fire set by the British. Thomas Jefferson came to the rescue by selling his personal collection of 6,500 books to the Library. Unfortunately, most of these were destroyed by another fire, in 1851.
At the end of the Mall sits the magnificent Capitol building. What former President died in this building? Tour of Washington, DC


John Quincy Adams. John Quincy Adams, who became a member of the House of Representatives after his Presidential term, collapsed from a stroke while speaking here on March 23, 1848. He was carried to an adjacent room, where he died. Adams was known as "Old Man Eloquent" for his impassioned speeches, many of which were against slavery.
Looking toward the Capitol on the right, you can see the glass dome of the conservatory of the US Botanic Garden. This garden features over 25,000 plants, including cacti, orchids, and cycads. What are cycads? Tour of Washington, DC


Ancient seed plants. Cycads are an ancient group of seed plants with large compound leaves and a stout trunk. They are found in tropical and subtropical regions. Although rare today, they were everywhere during the Jurassic period, which is why the Jurassic period is sometimes referred to as the "Age of Cycads".
On the right side of the mall facing the Capitol is the National Air and Space Museum, the most visited museum in town. One of the many things you can see is the command module that brought the astronauts back to Earth after the first moon landing in 1969. What is its name? Tour of Washington, DC


Columbia. Other treasures here include the "Flyer", the airplane flown by the Wright brothers in their historic 1903 flight, and Charles Lindbergh's plane, "The Spirit of St. Louis", in which he crossed the Atlantic.
A few doors down is the National Museum of African Art, which is dedicated to the works of traditional African artists. One of the exhibits, "The Ancient Nubian City of Kerma", features 40 art objects of Kerma, which was known to the ancient Egyptians as Kush. In what modern-day African nation is this city located? Tour of Washington, DC


Sudan. Kerma is the oldest known African city south of Egypt that has been excavated. The collection includes jewellery, ceramics, and ivory animal figures.
Not far from the Jefferson Memorial, on 14th Street, is the US Bureau of Engraving and Printing, established in 1862. You can take a tour of this building and actually see money being made. You learn that all US currency is produced using the intaglio method. What does this mean? Tour of Washington, DC


The engraved design is sunk below the surface. Intaglio, in which an engraved design is sunk below the surface of the canvas, is the opposite of cameo, in which it is raised above it. The hardened, completed engraving is transferred onto a soft transfer roll, which is used again and again to duplicate the original. The Bureau goes through so much ink that it is delivered in 55-gallon drums. Along with currency, the Bureau makes postage stamps, White House invitations, Federal Reserve notes, and other federal documents. No coins are made here, however; those are made at the various US Mints.
All aboard! We begin our tour at the Lincoln Memorial, on the shore of the Potomac. What architect designed this memorial? Tour of Washington, DC


Henry Bacon. In 1911, Henry Bacon was commissioned to design a memorial to the sixteenth President. The design is a flat-roofed Greek temple of white marble with 36 columns- one for each state of the Union when Lincoln died. The nineteen-foot high statue of the seated President was designed by Daniel Chester French. Inside the structure are bronze plaques inscribed with Lincoln's second innagural speech and Gettysburg Address. The steps of the memorial were the setting for Martin Luther King Jr's famous "I have a dream" speech in 1963.
On what street is the White House? Washington D.C.--The Nation's Capital


Pennsylvania Avenue . Pennsylvania Avenue has always been Washington's main street.
In what year did the Smithsonian celebrate its 150th birthday? Washington D.C.--The Nation's Capital


1996. The Smithsonian includes 16 museums and galleries in Washington.
The Old Stone House is the oldest house still standing in Washington? Washington D.C.--The Nation's Capital


t. The Old Stone House was built by a cabinetmaker named Christopher Layman in 1764. The White House is the oldest public building and no longer considered a house.
Who was the architect that designed the White House? Washington D.C.--The Nation's Capital


James Hoban. Hoban modeled the White House after the large manor houses that were popular in Britain and Ireland.
Washington D.C. was named for President George Washington? Washington D.C.--The Nation's Capital


t. Washington was founded in a wooded and marshy area between Maryland and Virginia.
Washington's highest point is Tenleytown at the Reno Reservoir? Washington D.C.--The Nation's Capital


t. Tenleytown is 410 feet above sea level.
Washington's geographic center is at Fifth and L Streets? Washington D.C.--The Nation's Capital


f. It is actually near Fourth and L Streets, NW.
What is Washington's flower? Washington D.C.--The Nation's Capital


American Beauty Rose. The American beauty rose is a favorite of Washington gardeners, and is given a prized place in many District gardens.
What is the official tree? Washington D.C.--The Nation's Capital


Scarlet Oak. The scarlet oak is a very pretty tree that grows throughout the eastern United States.
What is Washington DC's official bird? Washington D.C.--The Nation's Capital


Wood Thrush. Thoreau wrote of the wood thrush, "Whenever a man hears it, he is young, and nature is in her Spring; Whenever he hears it, it is a new world and a free country, and the gates of heaven are not shut against him."
What does D.C. stand for? Washington D.C.--The Nation's Capital


District of Columbia. Washington is the only city in the nation that is not part of any state. The capital lies within a segment of land that is administered by the federal government and called the District of Columbia.
In what year did Washington become the nation's capital? Washington D.C.--The Nation's Capital


1790. Washington D.C. is one of the few large cities in the world that was designed before it was built.
This place is famous for Lincoln's assassination. Where could we be? Washington, D.C.- "The City of Monuments"


Ford's Theatre. John Wilkes Booth stepped into the president's theatre box and assassinated Lincoln in Ford's Theatre on April 14, 1965. Lincoln was the first American president to be assassinated.
We are at a memorial to pay tribute to America's 32nd president. There is a statue of a man and also a statue of a dog. There are also waterfalls at this memorial. Where are we? Washington, D.C.- "The City of Monuments"


Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial. "The only thing we have to fear is fear itself". These are the words of the 32nd president, Franklin D. Roosevelt. President Bill Clinton dedicated this memorial to President Roosevelt on May 2, 1997.


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22 фев 2011, 17:03

 Re: Interesting Questions, Facts, Information Washington, D
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Washington, DC Fun Facts
• The average $1 bill (printed at the Bureau of Printing and Engraving) remains in circulation for a period of 22 months.
• Each day the Bureau of Printing and Engraving produces some 35 million individual notes valued at $635 million.
• The longest speech ever in the United States Congress went on for more than 24 hours straight, delivered by Senator Strom Thurmond in 1957.
• Washington DC ranks second to the entire state of California in the amount of federal employees living there.
Fun and Interesting Facts About Washington
• The longest escalator in the Western Hemisphere is found in the Metro Station of the DC suburb of Wheaton and is a 500 foot-long ride, more than twice the length of an average city block.
• The corridors of the Pentagon are nearly 18 miles long. With 6.6 million square feet of space, the Pentagon is one of the world's largest buildings, larger than even the Empire State Building.
• The first name of Washington DC, Columbia, popularly depicted as a woman, is the same icon which is seen across the world introducing films produced by Columbia Pictures.

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