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ДОУНБ • Просмотр темы - a tea ceremony in Slavic tradition
Дніпропетровська обласна універсальна наукова бібліотека

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18 янв 2012, 15:53

 a tea ceremony in Slavic tradition
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The session at the Window on America Center (14th January 2012) was dedicated to the cross-cultural enrichment.
We decided to invite our American friends to celebrate the New Year according to the Julian Calendar.
The celebration was planned as a tea ceremony in Slavic tradition.
A lot of authentic arte facts were collected from home and friends to create the atmosphere of a Slavic celebration.
The discussion table and the interior of the Centre were decorated with authentic Ukrainian embroidered hand towels (“rushnyk”s) and famous local painting ornament “Petrykivka”.
The Slavic dolls added extra fun to the design of the interior - a colorful Russian “Matreshka” and traditionally dressed Ukrainian rug- dolls “motanka”s (from the verb “motaty” – to wind, to coil ).
Some rustic household ware reminded us how ancient are the traditions of the Orthodox Christians - a clay porridge pot and milk pitcher, a wooden mortar and pestle, wooden spoons, etc.
The WOA staff and Club members dressed up in traditional outfits – Ms.Tamara presented Ukrainian style while Nastya Burova was wearing a national Russian dress “sarafan” with crown-like decoration headgear “kokoshnik’.
The Slavic tea ceremony traditions were introduced by the set of classical Russian paintings depicting people drinking tea.
Our American guests were impressed by the beautiful historic costumes on some paintings and received explanations from the club members.
The samovar is the central symbol of the Russian Tea Ceremony. As a combination “teapot & brewing device” it is a truly unique creation. The lower unit is an urn like unit where the water is boiled, with a tap to pour out the brewed water. A teapot rests on top using heat generated from the lower unit to create strong infusions. These strong infusions, zavarka, are then diluted with hot water from the lower unit to suit personal tastes.
Tea is traditionally consumed with lemon, honey and jam. Popular deserts for Russian tea party are ‘bubliki” (bagels) and “prianiki” (honey breads). In old times it was a habit to drink hot tea from a cup’s saucer – in order to cool the hot liquid faster. But we did not offer this unusual manner to our guests!
We suggested to try the lemon tea from a glass. In the Russian tea culture the hot glass was served in a special glass-holder and the metal tea spoon was used to keep the thin glass from cracking from the boiling water. A spoon in the glass also helps to cool the drink. Our American friends seemed to enjoy both tea and snacks!
In Ukraine we did not produce any special style in drinking tea. But Ukraine boasts its beetroot sugar and numerous porcelain factories.
To balance the Russian tea ware we presented a fine tea set by Baranovka porcelain factory founded in 1802 in the Zhytomir region of Ukraine. The elaborate sugar basin with mother of pearl and gold decoration and floral design contained sugar in cubes – also an old fashion in Slavic tea drinking.
Our American guests were sincerely surprised with all the new facts they have learned at our tea ceremony. And we hope they will remember this educational tea ceremony!
The club members asked numerous questions about the favorite drinks in the USA and learned new facts about the modern trends in tea and coffee drinking.

From the tea ceremony we logically proceeded to discuss ethnic traditions of celebrating New Year in Ukrainian countryside. Many details of such traditions were unknown even to the Ukrainian club members.
Malanka is a Ukrainian folk holiday celebrated on January 13, which is New Year's Eve in accordance with the Julian calendar .
Malanka commemorates the feast day of Saint Melania the Younger. On this night in Ukraine, carolers traditionally went from house to house playing pranks or acting out a small play (similar to Vertep), with a bachelor dressed in women's clothing leading the troop.
Malanka caps off the festivities of the Christmas holidays, and is often the last opportunity for partying before the solemn period of Lent which precedes Easter.
In the western Ukraine the Malanka traditions have been preserved best and have acquired features of a true folk carnival.
The climax of Malanka celebrations is best to be watched. Hundreds if not thousands of people wearing masquerade costumes of Devils, Gypsies, Bears, Goats and other creatures pour out into the streets engaging the passers-by and spectators in their boisterous and sometimes wild fun. The participants and spectators let themselves go — but there is never any violence or “violations of public order” to such an extent that it would require the police interference.
The traditional meal often consists of kutia (a wheat, poppy seed and honey mixture, symbolizing peace, prosperity and good health), meat or cheese varenyky, buckwheat pancakes and sausages.
The 14th is the feast day of Vasyl (Basil) the Great, one of the Church fathers.
These Christian holidays coincide with the solar cycles recognized in pre-Christian times. As an agrarian society, it was at this time of the year that ancestors of the Ukrainian people performed rituals to ensure plentiful crops, peace and well-being for all. The Malanka celebration serves as a bridge between the old and new religious traditions.
At the end of the session we have talked about the Slavic characters of New Year celebrations – Ded Moroz and Snow maiden.

The session was a success and thoroughly enjoyed by all the participants.


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18 янв 2012, 15:55

 Malanka
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UKRAINIAN WINTER HOLIDAYS

Malanka is a Ukrainian folk holiday celebrated on January 13, which is New Year's Eve in accordance with the Julian calendar .
Malanka commemorates the feast day of Saint Melania the Younger. On this night in Ukraine, carolers traditionally went from house to house playing pranks or acting out a small play (similar to Vertep), with a bachelor dressed in women's clothing leading the troop.
Malanka caps off the festivities of the Christmas holidays, and is often the last opportunity for partying before the solemn period of Lent which precedes Easter.
http://www.wumag.kiev.ua/index2.php?param=pgs20064/102 :
The celebrations of the Feast of Malanka begin on the night of January 14 (which happens to be the New Year’s Day by the Old Style Calendar).
The central character in the celebrations is Malanka, “a girl of many talents and of exceptional beauty.” Who actually this Malanka girl was, and what she did to earn a public celebration, nobody knows for sure. January 13 is a feast day of St Malania the Roman Martyr. But evidently, it was an ancient pagan holiday of uncertain origin which was “adjusted” to the Christian ritual.
There were times when Malanka was celebrated in virtually all the villages and towns of Ukraine but these days only some places have managed to maintain the traditional Malanka celebrations.
In the western Ukraine the Malanka traditions have been preserved best and has acquired features of a true folk carnival.
The climax of Malanka celebrations is best to be watched — or participated in — in the city of Chernivtsi. Hundreds if not thousands of people wearing masquerade costumes of Devils, Gypsies, Bears, Goats and other creatures pour out into the streets engaging the passers-by and spectators in their boisterous and sometimes wild fun. The participants and spectators let themselves go — but there is never any violence or “violations of public order” to such an extent that it would require the police interference.
According to ethnographers though, the most interesting celebrations of Malanka are held in the town of Vashkivtsi, in the Land of Bukovyna. Malanka in the village of Horoshevo in the Land of Ternopilshchyna is as good. In recent years, both Vashkivtsi and Horoshevo have begun to attract a lot of tourists, both from Ukraine and even from abroad, who come to see Malanka celebrated there.
In the village of Horbivtsi, for example, a very old tradition of “horse visits” has been preserved. Two young men, wearing the horse costumes, several other people posing as “warriors,” Malanka herself and a band of musicians go from house to house, greeting the hosts; if they come across an unmarried girl of marriageable age, they engage her in dancing, and keep dancing until she “buys her freedom” with candies, cookies or money.
In some villages of the Land of Vinnychchyna, people cook a dish which they call “malanka” and bake ritual bread which is called “malanka” and “vasyl.” During the celebrations, the villagers go around their gardens at night asking the trees to bring more fruit. It is believed that the plants understand human speech during the Malanka night, and animals can talk. Incidentally, if you do not treat your pets well, they may complain to God about the mistreatment during the Malanka too. So, beware!
The traditional meal often consists of kutia (a wheat, poppy seed and honey mixture, symbolizing peace, prosperity and good health), meat or cheese varenyky, buckwheat pancakes and sausages.
The 14th is the feast day of Vasyl (Basil) the Great, one of the Church fathers.
These Christian holidays coincide with the solar cycles recognized in pre-Christian times. As an agrarian society, it was at this time of the year that ancestors of the Ukrainian people performed rituals to ensure plentiful crops, peace and well-being for all. The Malanka celebration serves as a bridge between the old and new religious traditions.

SLAVIC NEW YEAR TRADITIONS
Snegurochka (Russian: Снегу́рочка), or The Snow Maiden, is a character in Russian fairy tales.
In one story, she is the daughter of Spring and Frost, and yearns for the companionship of mortal humans. She grows to like a shepherd named Lel, but her heart is unable to know love. Her mother takes pity and gives her this ability, but as soon as she falls in love, her heart warms and she melts.
The modern Snegurochka is also depicted as the granddaughter and helper of Ded Moroz, the Russian version of Father Christmas.
Ded Moroz (Russian: Дед Мороз, diminutive: Dedushka Moroz) is a fictional character who in some Slavic cultures plays a role similar to that of Santa Claus.
The literal translation of the name would be Grandfather Frost, although the name is often translated as Father Frost. Ded Moroz is said to bring presents to children, however, unlike the secretive Santa Claus, the gifts are often delivered "in person", at New Year's Eve parties and other New Year celebrations.
The "in-person" gifts usually occur at organized celebrations at kindergartens or schools and at circus performances around New Year time where the gifts can be standardized.
Various agencies provide Ded Moroz visits to families and offices. In such cases specific gifts can be chosen for particular members at the parties.
Ded Moroz commonly arrives accompanied by Snegurochka , his granddaughter. She is a unique attribute of Ded Moroz, no traditional gift-givers from other cultures are portrayed with a similar companion.
The traditional appearance of Ded Moroz resembles that of Santa Claus, with his coat, boots and long white beard. Specifically, Ded Moroz is often shown wearing a heel-length fur coat, a semi-round fur hat, and valenki or jackboots on his feet. Unlike Santa Claus, he is often depicted as walking with a long magical staff.


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